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Provision Exchange 2013 Server with PowerShell

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Tutorial on how to provision Exchange 2013 Server with PowerShell

Preparation of Windows 2012R2 Server

  1. Install a fresh copy of Windows 2012R2 Server with latest patches

  2. Download and install the following components for Exchange 2013 Server

  3. Install required IIS Roles and reboot

Install-WindowsFeature AS-HTTP-Activation, Desktop-Experience, NET-Framework-45-Features, `
    RPC-over-HTTP-proxy, RSAT-Clustering, RSAT-Clustering-CmdInterface, RSAT-Clustering-Mgmt, `
    RSAT-Clustering-PowerShell, Web-Mgmt-Console, WAS-Process-Model, Web-Asp-Net45, Web-Basic-Auth, `
    Web-Client-Auth, Web-Digest-Auth, Web-Dir-Browsing, Web-Dyn-Compression, Web-Http-Errors, Web-Http-Logging, `
    Web-Http-Redirect, Web-Http-Tracing, Web-ISAPI-Ext, Web-ISAPI-Filter, Web-Lgcy-Mgmt-Console, Web-Metabase, `
    Web-Mgmt-Console, Web-Mgmt-Service, Web-Net-Ext45, Web-Request-Monitor, Web-Server, Web-Stat-Compression, `
    Web-Static-Content, Web-Windows-Auth, Web-WMI, Windows-Identity-Foundation, RSAT-ADDS
   
   Restart-Computer 
  1. Download Cumulative Update 23 for Exchange Server 2013 and extract to C:\EX2013

Preparation of AD Schema and Domain

  1. Open CMD with Administrator Right and Extend AD Schema for Exchange 2013
C:\EX2013>setup.exe /ps /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms

Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 Cumulative Update 23 Unattended Setup

Copying Files...
File copy complete. Setup will now collect additional information needed for
installation.

Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

    Prerequisite Analysis                                     COMPLETED

Configuring Microsoft Exchange Server

    Extending Active Directory schema                         COMPLETED

The Exchange Server setup operation completed successfully.
  1. Prepare AD Domain – Replace the /OrganizationName:AVENTIS with your own Name
C:\EX2013>setup.exe /PrepareAD /OrganizationName:Aventis /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms

Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 Cumulative Update 23 Unattended Setup

Copying Files...
File copy complete. Setup will now collect additional information needed for
installation.

Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

    Prerequisite Analysis                                     COMPLETED
 Setup will prepare the organization for Exchange 2013 by using 'Setup /PrepareA
D'. No Exchange 2007 server roles have been detected in this topology. After thi
s operation, you will not be able to install any Exchange 2007 servers.
 For more information, visit: http://technet.microsoft.com/library(EXCHG.150)/ms
.exch.setupreadiness.NoE12ServerWarning.aspx

 Setup will prepare the organization for Exchange 2013 by using 'Setup /PrepareA
D'. No Exchange 2010 server roles have been detected in this topology. After thi
s operation, you will not be able to install any Exchange 2010 servers.
 For more information, visit: http://technet.microsoft.com/library(EXCHG.150)/ms
.exch.setupreadiness.NoE14ServerWarning.aspx


Configuring Microsoft Exchange Server

    Organization Preparation                                  COMPLETED

The Exchange Server setup operation completed successfully.
  1. Prepare Domain
C:\EX2013>setup.exe /PrepareDomain /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms

Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 Cumulative Update 23 Unattended Setup

Copying Files...
File copy complete. Setup will now collect additional information needed for
installation.

Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

    Prerequisite Analysis                                     COMPLETED

Configuring Microsoft Exchange Server

    Prepare Domain Progress                                   COMPLETED

The Exchange Server setup operation completed successfully.

Provision Exchange 2013 Server with PowerShell

  1. Install Client Access Server (CAS), Hub Transports (HT) and Mailbox Role (MB) in Single Exchange 2013 Server
#Install Exchange 2013 CAS + MBX 
C:\EX2013>Setup.exe /m:Install /Roles:ca,mb,mt /IAcceptExchangeServerLicenseTerms 

<#
Welcome to Microsoft Exchange Server 2013 Cumulative Update 12 Unattended Setup
Copying Files...
File copy complete. Setup will now collect additional information needed for installation.
     Languages
     Management tools
     Mailbox role: Transport service
     Mailbox role: Client Access service
     Mailbox role: Unified Messaging service
     Mailbox role: Mailbox service
     Client Access role: Front End Transport service
     Client Access role: Client Access Front End service

Performing Microsoft Exchange Server Prerequisite Check

 Configuring Prerequisites ... COMPLETED
 Prerequisite Analysis ... COMPLETED

Configuring Microsoft Exchange Server

 Preparing Setup ... COMPLETED
 Stopping Services ... COMPLETED
 Copying Exchange Files ... COMPLETED
 Language Files ... COMPLETED
 Restoring Services ... COMPLETED
 Language Configuration ... COMPLETED
 Exchange Management Tools ... COMPLETED
 Mailbox role: Transport service ... COMPLETED
 Mailbox role: Client Access service ... COMPLETED
 Mailbox role: Unified Messaging service ... COMPLETED
 Mailbox role: Mailbox service ... COMPLETED
 Client Access role: Front End Transport service ... COMPLETED
 Client Access role: Client Access Front End service ... COMPLETED
 Finalizing Setup ... COMPLETED

The Exchange Server setup operation completed successfully.
Setup has made changes to operating system settings that require a reboot to take effect. Please reboot this server prior to placing it into production.
#
  1. Reboot to complete the installation

Basic Configuration

  1. Open Exchange Management Shell or PowerShell ISE on Exchange 2013 Server
#Connect to Exchange - PowerShell ISE - Exchange 2013 and above 
. 'C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Exchange Server\V15\bin\RemoteExchange.ps1'
Connect-ExchangeServer -auto
  1. Change the default Mailbox Database name and move DB & Log to E:\
#Rename Mailbox Database
Set-MailboxDatabase (Get-MailboxDatabase).Name -Name "LOCAL"

#Move Database & Logs 
Move-DatabasePath -Identity "LOCAL" -EdbFilePath "E:\Databases\LOCAL.edb" -LogFolderPath "E:\Logs"
  1. New Accepted Domain called AventisLab.com
#New Accepted Domain
New-AcceptedDomain -DomainName AventisLab.com -DomainType Authoritative -Name AventisLab.com | Set-AcceptedDomain -MakeDefault $true 
  1. Update the existing Email Address Policy to assign @aventislab.com as default email address
#Email Policy 
Get-EmailAddressPolicy | Set-EmailAddressPolicy -EnabledPrimarySMTPAddressTemplate "@aventislab.com"
  1. Create a new SMTP Connector to point to mail.smtp2go.com which is a free SMTP Gateway provider
#Send Connector
New-SendConnector -Internet -Name "SMTP Connector" -AddressSpaces * -SmartHosts "mail.smtp2go.com"
  1. Update the SPF & DKIM records in your public DNS Server by following smtp2go – Sender Domains

Provision Exchange 2013 Server with PowerShell

  1. Change OWA, ECP, OAB, EWS, ActiveSync, AutoDiscover & PowerShell Virtual Directory to https://mail.aventislab.com
$OWA_URL = "https://mail.aventislab.com/owa"
$ECP_URL = "https://mail.aventislab.com/ecp"
$EWS_URL = "https://mail.aventislab.com/EWS/Exchange.asmx"
$OAB_URL = "https://mail.aventislab.com/OAB"
$ACtiveSync_URL = "https://mail.aventislab.com/Microsoft-Server-ActiveSync"
$PowerShell_URL = "https://mail.aventislab.com/powershell"


Get-OwaVirtualDirectory | Set-OwaVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl $OWA_URL -ExternalUrl $OWA_URL -DefaultDomain "lab.aventislab.com" -LogonFormat "UserName"
Get-EcpVirtualDirectory | Set-EcpVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl $ECP_URL -ExternalUrl $ECP_URL
Get-WebServicesVirtualDirectory | Set-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl $EWS_URL -ExternalUrl $EWS_URL
Get-OabVirtualDirectory | Set-OabVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl $OAB_URL -ExternalUrl $OAB_URL
Get-ActiveSyncVirtualDirectory | Set-ActiveSyncVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl $ACtiveSync_URL -ExternalUrl $ACtiveSync_URL
Get-PowerShellVirtualDirectory | Set-PowerShellVirtualDirectory -InternalUrl $PowerShell_URL -ExternalUrl $PowerShell_URL


Get-ClientAccessServer | Set-ClientAccessServer -AutoDiscoverServiceInternalUri "https://mail.aventislab.com//Autodiscover/Autodiscover.xml"
Get-ClientAccessServer | FL AutoDiscoverServiceInternalUri
  1. Redirect the default site to OWA and Remove redirection for other virtual directories by following Simplify the Outlook Web App URL

  2. Generate Generate Wildcard SSL Certificate from Let’s Encrypt and assign it for SMTP & IIS Services

$Thumbprint = Get-ExchangeCertificate | ? Subject -like "*aventislab.com*"
Enable-ExchangeCertificate -Thumbprint $Thumbprint.Thumbprint -Services SMTP, IIS 
  1. Enable Outlook Anywhere
Get-OutlookAnywhere | Set-OutlookAnywhere -ExternalHostname "mail.aventislab.com" -ExternalClientAuthenticationMethod basic -ExternalClientsRequireSsl $true `
-InternalHostname "mail.aventislab.com" -InternalClientsRequireSsl $true
  1. Provision some test AD Account with Mailbox enabled by following PowerShell to Provision User Account in AD

  2. Configure incoming NAT for Port 443 & 25 to Exchange 2013 Server in Firewall, and you should have a fully functional Email Server for testing purpose now

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